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Wild rabbits can decimate an unfenced garden and level every barely-edible piece of green. By killing and eating these rabbits, you not only protect the native vegetation; you get the nutrients from the plants they ate. Here are some tips on killing, preparing, and eating these animals.
- Rabbits, cottontails in particular, can be killed with an air rifle or small "toy" 50-lb crossbow. If you're in an area where guns are tolerated, a .22 works well, with good accuracy. Typically, cottontail ("bunny") rabbits don't run away to escape; they "hide", often in plain sight behind the nearest bush, giving you a clear shot. Head shots are best, especially with anything more powerful than an airgun, as even a .22 will destroy meat, making rabbits more difficult to butcher. There are also ways to trap them.
- If you merely wound the animal, kill it as quickly and painlessly as possible. A crossbow bolt, BB, or bullet through its brain works, as will beheading it.
- Cut off the lower half of each leg, and the head.
- Peeling back the skin at the neck, grab one of the front legs by the muscle, and peel off the skin (akin to removing a sock from a foot). If you're not going to use it, compost it, as with other parts that you won't eat. A quick, strong pull on the tail will usually suffice to get the white piece of fur off it, if it didn't come off with the rest (it usually doesn't).
- Starting at the neck or just below the rib cage, cut through the belly as far as you can, then cut between the hind legs to expose the end of the small intestine.
- Remove the guts, keeping the liver and kidneys, if desired. The organ meats are tasty, but can be quite "gamey" as well, depending on the animal's diet (for that matter, the whole animal is sometimes unpalatably gamey, but still edible).
- Remove the greenish gland embedded in the liver, making sure not to puncture it, so the bile doesn't taint the meat.
- Chop the rabbit into pieces for easier cooking.
- Panfrying the meat, with or without flouring or breading it first, is a first step to many rabbit recipes. It, of course, can be eaten at this point without further preparation, especially if you're hungry; and if the meat is too gamey, you may want to find out now before putting it into a stew.
- At this point, if there's anything left, de-bone the rabbit and prepare it according to your favorite recipe.
This is a detailed demonstration of skinning and preparing a rabbit.
- Cottontails are active at dawn and dusk more than during the heat of the day. Then again, those found in the afternoon heat are likely to be sluggish and less aware.
- During a full moon, or if using night vision goggles, night hunting can be very productive.
- If your composting system cannot handle animal waste, consider studying systems that can, such as Joseph Jenkins's humanure composting.
- Follow all local and state laws when harvesting wild game.
- Be careful to remove any BBs or bullets as soon as possible. Metal poisoning and cracked teeth can occur.
- Rabbits carry ticks or other vermin which can cause disease (tularemia and bubonic plague, for example), particularly in May to August. Wear appropriate protective clothing while carrying and butchering them. Certain rabbits have the risk of carrying Tularemia, or rabbit fever. This is a disease caused by bacterium, that can be transmitted to humans via skin contact and through the respiratory tract. It is advised that you wear disposable gloves and a mask.
- To avoid risk of parasite infestation, always cook rabbits "well done" before eating. For the same reason, compost what you don't use, rather than giving them to dogs or other domestic animals.
- Care should be taken when composting animal parts to ensure safety of the finished compost. Some areas, such as water conservation districts, have laws against composting animal parts. Check with local law enforcement for acceptable disposal methods.
- How to Eat Dove or Pigeon
- How to Live on the Street
- How to Catch a Wild Rabbit
- How to Hunt Rabbits With an Air Rifle
Sources and Citations
- This research was made possible, in part, by a land grant from the City of the Sun Foundation, though the specifics of the research were not coordinated nor endorsed by COSF.
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